What is the difference between the state and federal systems?
Federal and state correctional systems operate separately from each other. The system that convicted you — either federal or state — determines where you will serve time and also what type of supervision you will be on after your release.
Below is a chart that summarizes some key differences between the state and federal systems.
OVERVIEW: FEDERAL vs. STATE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS
TYPES OF OFFENSES(These are for example only.
TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS WHERE INCARCERATION TIME IS SERVED
TYPES OF COMMUNITY SUPERVISION
The vast majority of crimes are defined and enforced by the state criminal justice system.