What is the relationship between tribes and the U.S. and state governments?

Federally-recognized tribes have tribal sovereignty, meaning they have the right to govern themselves. The U.S. government treats tribal governments as a separate government. Individual states have no authority over tribal governments, and federally-recognized tribes can regulate activities on their land independently of state control. However, states can have a government-to-government relationship with federally-recognized tribes and often collaborate with states.[3368]

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    U.S. Department of the Interior, Indian Affairs, Frequently Asked Questions, https://www.bia.gov/frequently-asked-questions.